## Saturday, September 28, 2013

### Finding the best deal is harder than it looks...

I had another reminder this week about how different my childhood was from the students that I teach in my classroom today.  I realized it this week while studying unit rates and watching my students try and find information in advertisements.  I began to be very thankful that my parents taught me a lot about unit rates through very authentic and natural experiences.

My kiddos aren't growing up like this today.  This week, after defining unit rates, discussing them, giving practice problems, and my kiddos appearing ready to take on the world of unit rates, I was so wrong.  The application of this skill is trickier than I anticipated.  I gave my students free reign to find three products to compare by finding the unit rate and determining the best deal.  I thought that this would be a great real world experience for them.  I realized that they have a lot of trouble just reading a grocery store advertisement (which can be a completely separate lesson on ratios).  The ad was 4 boxes of cereal for \$8 and the kiddos were comparing ounces to \$8, not \$2.  The kiddos also brought up items that were on sale for 25% off, but no price for the specific item was given.  They wanted to know how to figure out the price.  There were also lots of questions about how to calculate the unit rate, too!  I thought that they were so prepared to handle this!!

So, it is regrouping from here.  I have learned that this is not a life experience for them as it was for me.  I assumed when I shouldn't have and I am regretting not building more background for my activity.  My first plan is to reteach and practice again.  I made a scavenger hunt for them to do.  The Powerpoint is embedded below for you to use.  I used free clip art from a Google search and I did use names from kiddos in the class.  You can totally change that up.

Each student will will in the answer sheet and I can buzz around to answer questions and just listen to their thinking.

After they finish the scavenger hunt, they can return to finding products to do their comparisons.  I am hoping that it is just a matter of some more practice and experience.

## Sunday, September 15, 2013

### Classifying Real Numbers is a Cakewalk?

I was totally inspired by a conversation I was having with my dad last Saturday.  We were talking about a local grocery store chain's 45th anniversary celebration.  One of the many events that they were having was a cake walk.  Numbers were placed around the store and an announcement was made that the cake walk would be beginning and if you were near a number to please go and stand on it.  Then a number was called and whoever was standing on that number won a cake.  I thought it was a really cute gimmick.

In the conversation, I was telling my dad that they should make it more of a challenge to win.  They should announce something like, "If you are standing on an irrational number and know why it is irrational, you win!"  or "If your number is a natural number, you win!"  My dad just laughed at me and told me "I'm such a math teacher."  But, I really started thinking about it.  What a fun way to review and move while doing it!  So after some thought, I came up with a way to modify the traditional cake walk and have a fun review game too!

I first of all made the traditional numbers for people to walk around and stand by when the music stops.  Since space is limited, I am going to have the kiddos clear their desks and put the paper plates on top of them.  Then they will walk around the desks until the music stops.  Whatever desk they are in front of is their number.

Next, I made numbers to pull out of a bucket that matched those on the paper plates.  With each number, I have a question that the student must answer.  I've embedded the questions as a Word document, so it can be edited.

If the student answers it correctly, they can choose a "cupcake" from the board and win a prize.  I am going to give coupons for bonus points, sitting by a friend, no homework, etc.  I did a Google search for free clip art and cupcakes and found some cute ones!  I enlarged them on my computer, printed, and cut them out.  I then glued them to the backside of a paper plate.  I am going to just stand them along my chalk ledge.  When the cupcake is chosen, I'll flip it over.

Also, there are only 12 cupcakes.  Not everyone wins at this game and I know some kiddos will be disappointed.  My reason for this is to make it easier to just draw another number if the student is wrong or doesn't know.  I don't like having to chose another student when prizes are involved.

I want to use the cupcakes for other review games.  So I decided to make my coupons have the cupcake that was chosen on it.  Here is a picture of what I've done.

I'll update after I try it with my 8th grade Algebra students.  I think they will have a blast!

Update:
I did this activity with my Algebra class on Friday and we played for about 20 minutes.  I think that we could have gone longer, but I had other things to accomplish in the class period as well.  So, yes, I had to be the mean teacher and stop the fun. :(

It was totally engaging and they were starting to think about where they wanted to be when the music stopped.  There was more than just fun happening.  I enjoyed watching them play and I started thinking about how more of them could play at once.  One thing that I though of was to pull two or three numbers and have some type of face off.  Maybe there could be red and blue numbers.  The teams could get points for correctly answering but they still have to change places between rounds.  I'm just brainstorming right now.  I just know that I was pleased with the activity and engagement.

## Friday, September 6, 2013

My first week came to an end and I can say I had a very good week.  I have found that some of the changes I have made from years past, I am totally loving!

I am loving...

...my 7th grades willingness to embrace the new ideas in the classroom and the fact that they pick up on my dry sense of humor better. :)

... trash bowls!  I know how weird that sounds, but I briefly used them at the end of the year (after seeing them on a first  grade blog) with positive results.  This year, every table has a deep, plastic bowl that I picked up in May at Walmart for like \$2.  The kiddos have really embraced them.  When we make things, they put them out in the center of their tables and put their scraps in them.  At the end, one person empties it and there is no complaining about emptying it either.  They are awesome and my floor has never been cleaner!

... table supply boxes. The kiddos are embracing these as well. When we do projects, one person gets the box and at the end they go back. It's almost like magic! They are respecting the supplies and being careful that everything makes it back into the bin, which makes for a very happy teacher! :)

... dismissing by table groups.  A simple thing to do and I am able to see if everything is put away properly and don't get surprises.  After doing it a couple of days this week, I had that "duh!" moment.  I could have done this a long time ago.

These are just a few things that I am loving about this school year so far.  What are you loving so far this school year?

## Wednesday, September 4, 2013

### Update: Classifying Real Numbers Foldable

By far, my most popular post had been the classifying real numbers foldable.  Tomorrow I will be taking my Algebra students through the process to make it.  I did a couple of things to hopefully make the process smoother and I thought I would share them.

First of all, I changed the shape of the nesting number sets.  I did this just speed up the cutting process.  I then used the new shapes to make templates for each table group.  I've included the word document for anyone that wants it.  I would just print it out onto card stock and cut them out to make templates for the students to trace.

I also made a "how to" sheet for the students to follow.  This is more for my sanity.  Those who get lost or a step behind can look at the directions sheet and catch up.  This is only for the assembly of the nesting number sets.  If you would like it, it is below.  There are a lot of pictures, so it might take

I hope that these will help those of you thinking of using the foldable with your classes.  I am excited to try it with my kiddos tomorrow!

Update to the Update:
I tried this with my kiddos today.  The directions sheet with the pictures was amazingly helpful.  I explained what to do and then I saw several kids check the directions again.  I didn't have one goof up or have to give out another piece of paper! :)  I was very pleased.  The other thing that the kiddos latched onto was the smiley face stickers.  It really helped them to line up the template correctly and I wasn't asked at all if it was lined up right.  That is a trick I will definitely use again!

It did take time to assemble, so we filled in everything for the rational numbers and it's subsets.  Tomorrow we'll finish.  Next year, I am thinking of making the foldable a homework assignment to make it and then the next day we will fill it in and discuss.  We'll see...by next year I might change my mind altogether! :)

## Friday, August 30, 2013

### Classroom Tour

Welcome to my classroom!  I am super excited to show it off to the world this year.  I have been working and planning all summer and when it all came together the way I wanted it, I was just overjoyed.  There are a lot of Pinterest ideas at work here and I am so thankful to everyone who shares on blogs and Pinterest.  I have been so inspired!  Here are just a few pictures of my room.

This is looking at my classroom from the door.  My classroom is small compared to most of the classrooms that I see in blogs, but it is my little corner of the world and it works just fine.  My curtains are world maps in bright primary colors, so that is the inspiration for the color pallet in my classroom.  The bowls are trash bowls that go on each table when we are making things.  One person from each table will empty it into the trash when we are finished.  There are also sturdy plastic plates that I found 4 for \$1 at the dollar store that will work great for dry erase boards.  The drawers hold small group role cards, "stoplight" cards to do self evaluations, calculators, rags to erase dry erase boards, post it notes, and anything else I decide to add to them.  I found great little frames at IKEA after seeing them on Pinterest to be my table numbers.

I do have a goal to write down the objectives each day for students.  Another Pinterest inspired project lead me to buy wood frames at the dollar store.  I bought the wood frames thinking that they would work with the woodwork that I had in my classroom.  After deciding I didn't like the wood frames, I bought a can of spray paint and  made the frames black.  Not a horrible mistake, just could have saved time painting.

The plaid strip on the right is my calendar.  I found it at an estate sale years ago.  The black box slides down the row and highlights the date.  I really like that it takes up hardly any space in my classroom.  The students like changing the date.
Here are my supply boxes for each table group.  Each box contains markers, colored pencils, scissors, glue sticks, tape, and a mini hole puncher.  In years past, I just used the three drawer box on top for markers, crayons, and colored pencils.  I am keeping that box around for the days we need crayons or a brown colored pencil is suddenly missing from the supply box.

I am keeping scrap paper, graph paper, and loose leaf paper in the stackable trays.

The table to the left hold my absent work folders, no homework binder, rulers, three hole punch, stapler, and my extra copy files.

The cabinet on the left has art supplies.  The magnetic body parts are to make silly faces.

This is my favorite new thing in my classroom.  I read in a blog, and I didn't pin the picture, about how a teacher organized her units into plastic, modular, stackable drawers.  I liked the idea, but I just didn't quite know if the modular drawers would work for me.  Thanks to some awesome deals this summer, I was able to afford three of these rainbow drawers.  I have been organizing games and activities into them.  They work so well.  Everything is organized by topic and my file cabinet has room again! :)

The crates to the right will hold corrected work and anything that the kids will leave overnight to work on the next day.

This picture just shows some of the things that I have blogged about this summer.  My homework question board and small group role assignment boards are hanging.  Also, my NOISE sign is there too.

I teach Social Studies too and the world map is going to be for my Geography class.  We are going to play "Where in the world is (insert student name here)".  The students will write clues to where they are and others will guess.

The last picture is of the front of my room as you look from my desk.  I realized that I took this picture before I put the books in the bookcase.  Opps!

Well, there it is!  My pride and joy right now.  I am ready for Tuesday and the kiddos coming back.  I am excited for them to spend time in the space and for me to see if all the planning created the environment that I wanted!

## Friday, August 23, 2013

### Comparing Real Numbers

I have noticed in the past that there are some students in algebra who can't set up the real number line correctly.  With that, I have noticed that placing numbers on a real number line is challenging for some students as well.

For the lesson that reviews ordering and comparing real numbers, I was thinking that it would be a good idea to make a number line and do some ordering of real numbers.  I wanted something that would be compact and fit into the ISN.

I thought about using a piece of paper folded in half because I liked the idea that zero would be on the fold and in the middle of the line.  From there it was just a matter of putting positive and negative numbers on the number line.  I also added tick marks for every tenth.  I thought that this would help to place the numbers more accurately.

I then used some colored dot stickers cut in half to mark the position of two sets of numbers on the number line.  The stickers were a bit too big, but ultimately did the job.  I just made sure that the straight cut lined up with the numbers position on the number line.

The lesson also deals with adding and subtracting real numbers.  I layered some sticky notes so that I could highlight two things:
1) The procedure the book uses for adding and subtracting real numbers with mixed signs, and
2) Reminders about fractions needing the same denominator and about lining up the decimal points.

I have been finding a lot of uses for sticky notes in the ISNs that I am trying to put together for the students.  (I hope I'm not alone in saying that I use sticky notes for everything and could probably join a 12 step program if one existed.)  I have been using them to highlight steps in procedures and to save space by layering ideas similar to the picture at the left.  Does anyone have other ways that they use sticky notes in their ISNs?

## Thursday, August 22, 2013

### Comparing Expressions

Most of my algebra kiddos are pretty good at evaluating expressions.  So, the lesson on it in the textbook should be a review.  To review, I wanted to do a quick game that wouldn't take too long and would be a good way for me to do a quick check in as to who remembered from the summer and who didn't.  The text does a lot with comparing expressions after evaluated.  I like this because it reviews two skills at once and it causes a moment of pause for most students.  They just can't whip through to the answer.

The game that I developed to review is pretty simple.  Students roll a number cube at the beginning of each round to determine the value of the variables in each expression.  Each partner draws a card with an expression on it, evaluates it, and then compares the values of the two expressions.  Finally the students write the expressions, not the evaluation, as an inequality.  I did this to match the book a little bit and to get them to stay abstract with their comparison.  We'll see how it goes when they play it for the first time.  Maybe I'll change the rules midway.

Here is the game if you would like to have it.

## Tuesday, August 20, 2013

### Converting Measures

I am going rogue with my lesson on measurement conversions.  I am leaving the book's explanation and doing my own.  I always try to be fairly consistent with the textbook.  I know that students and parents will reference it.  So, I don't want to create frustration between "the way I taught it" and "the way the book says to do it" when parents are trying to help.

My decision to go rogue started last night when I sat reading the lesson on converting measures and I was having difficulty designing anything.  A foldable didn't seem to fit the lesson, a graphic organizer didn't seem quite right, and just a page of plain notes didn't quite work.  It was just one of those lessons where it felt like the pieces didn't come together exactly.  So I slept on it.

This morning, I realized that what didn't seem to connect for me was the equation that the text was using.  There were a lot of subtle concepts that the students had to understand to make the equation work well.  Students had to understand which units are being canceled and understand how units increase and decrease numerically when you convert in order for the equation to work out right.  I know that their will be questions as to why we wrote the conversion as 3 ft = 1 yd and not 1 yd = 3ft.  Proportions seemed like the natural course to teach these conversions.  So I designed the chart below:

I decided that WKU (Words-Known-Unknown) would be a better way to get students to correctly set up and solve these conversion problems, introduce proportions, and set them up better for how the book will later work with proportions.  I also decided that this was a good time to get them to notice that the units line up, hence the color.  Highlighting the measurement words in the problem will assist then in figuring out the known conversion to use and to set up the order of the proportion.  The only concession that I made using this was that I will just teach them a procedure for solving the proportion verses setting up the algebraic equation.  We'll emphasize that later in the text.  Right now it is about correctly converting between measures.

## Sunday, August 18, 2013

### A New School Year

Math notebooks are my biggest goal for the next year.  I am committing to them and what they entail.  I will be busy developing lots of foldables, graphic organizers, and processing pieces for the students side of the notebook.

Practice activities are my second goal.  I want the students doing more math that involves talking and exchanging ideas, yet at the same time reinforces the skills that we are learning.  Thanks to the many teachers who put their great ideas out there, I don't think will be a hard goal to keep.

Finally, putting learning goals (a.k.a standards) on the formal assessments and scoring students based on the learning goal.  I know that my students know more than they believe that they do.  Like many of us, myself included, we get hung up on the one area that confuses us or makes us uncomfortable.  By placing the learning goals on the test, I want them to see that they know more than they think and give them an area to focus for improvement.

## Tuesday, August 13, 2013

### Liebster Award

I don't like to do two posts in one day, especially when one is this long, but I realized that it had been two weeks since Jessi at Mrs. Hester's Classroom nominated me for a Liebster Award!  Thank you Jessi!

As it was explained to my through Mrs. Hester's Blog and my own research, the Liebster Award is an award that is for blogs with less than 200 followers.  It is a means to promote your blog and hopefully gain some more followers.  It is a way for fellow bloggers to welcome the new little guys into the world of blogging.  One also can't deny that when your starting out, a nomination is acknowledgement that someone is reading and liking what you are producing! :)  There are some rules to accepting the award, though.

First of all, I need to answer the questions that Jessi left for me to answer.  So here we go!

My favorite thing is that it is never the same day twice.  I love that everyday is different and that I have so much say in making my day be what I want it to be.
2. What is your morning routine once you arrive at school?
It's usually warming up the computer and doing a quick e-mail check.  Double checking that I have everything I need for my morning and sometimes making a quick run to the copier!  The last part of my routine is the all important bathroom stop.
3. How do you decide what to assess?
I usually check the standards for my state and make decisions from there.
4. If you weren't a teacher, what would you do?
I would like to do interior designing.  I would also like to try my hand at technical writing.  This is of course assuming that being a college professor would still be in the realm of teacher.
5. If you could live anywhere in the world, where would it be?
I want to say that I would move to Hawaii to be closer to my best friend, but I think I would go island crazy after awhile.  I think moving to Costa Rica would be nice for awhile, but Minnesota is where I always call home.
6. What is your favorite meal to cook/eat?
My mom's roast beef by far is my favorite meal to eat.  I can't make mine taste like hers.
7. What is your favorite school supply? You have to choose one!
New notebooks because there are so many possibilities of what it could become.
8.  What is your best tip for new teachers?
It came from a college professor who said that becoming a teacher was a process.  You don't just walk into the classroom on the first day and suddenly become a teacher.  The first year you teach you just are.  You are five minutes ahead of the kids and things go badly sometimes.  The second year you become.  You have less things going wrong because you learned from last year.  You are better prepared and full of new things to try.  It is the third year that you say, I am a teacher.  Looking back at my first three years I would say that Sr. Patricia Ann Obremski was correct.
9. How do you handle the tardy bell? What is the first thing students do?
My school is a small private school.  We don't have a tardy bell, which is good and bad.  Kids are good about being on time.  First thing students do is get out homework for me to give them completion points.

10. How many years have you been teaching?
This will be my 15th year teaching.

Next, I need to share 11 random facts about myself:

1. I am a huge Little House on the Prairie fan.
2. When I adopted my dog Ella from a rescue shelter, I asked her if she was sure she wanted to stay.  She put her paw on my arm and I signed the papers with a tear in my eye and giggle at her.
3. I live in Minnesota, but prefer to watch the Green Bay Packers.  Sorry Vikings fans!
4. I love gardens, but hate gardening.  I purposely buy the clearance plants that are half dead.  That way, if they don't make it I don't feel so bad and I am not out a lot of money.
5. I have a degree in Spanish Education as well as Elementary/Middle School Education.
6. I love teaching math, but math isn't a natural gift.  I have to work at it to get it.  I wish my students believed me when I tell them that.
7. I want to be a college professor someday.  I would love to work with pre-service teachers, especially in a methods course.
8. I hate when I forget to put on my watch or the battery runs out.
9. I found out that I really like archery at camp with the kiddos.  I'm a decent shot.  I just need to practice more!
10. I love going to estate sales and garage sales.
11. I only crave chocolate that has caramel in it.

Next, I need to nominate 5 other blogs and then let them know that I've nominated them.

School of Fisher
Algebra's Friend
The Teacher Who Hated Math
thenumbertwentyone
Trust Me-I'm a Math Teacher

The last thing that I have to do is pose questions to the newly nominated blogs.  So here you go!

1. Why did you decide to start blogging?
2. How long have you been teaching?
3. What is your favorite part of teaching?
4. What was your favorite subject in high school?
5. What is your favorite quick and easy dinner after a long day at school?
6. If you could transport yourself to anywhere else, where would you go?
7. What qualities make an amazing teacher?
8. Where did you go to college?  Why did you pick that school?
9. What is your favorite classroom activity?  (The one you can't wait to do each year.)
10. If you were given a magic wand to change one thing in education, what would you want to fix?

And, with those questions, I have completed the process to accept the Liebster Award.  Thanks again to Jessi at Mrs. Hester's Classroom for the nomination.

### Addition and Subtraction Word Problems

This foldable is very specific to lesson 3 of Saxon, Course 3.  I wanted something this year that was more concrete and organized than what I did last year.  Classifying the problems comes up a lot it feels like during the beginning lessons of the book.  So I felt that it was important that the kiddos have something simple and straight forward to refer back to when needed.  I started with a square and folded the corners into the center.  I found it helpful to fold the square along it's vertical and horizontal lines of symmetry so that I could get the corners to match in the center better.  A little color and labeling and the outside was completed.

The inside is all organized the same.  I said if this classification was for addition or subtraction word problems, wrote the equations in words the same way the book did, and wrote the formula.  Then I made up an example similar to the book's example and solved it.  I also color coded the parts of the equation.

I consistently used the same colors.  I am torn about that because the colors don't stand for the same thing each time.  It is just about position in the problem.  I don't want them just memorizing the position of the numbers in the problem and I am wondering if that will happen.  We'll see what happens when I teach it.

## Sunday, August 11, 2013

### Properties of Numbers

Today I was working on making a chart for my 7th grade kiddos about the commutative, associative, identity properties of addition and multiplication and the zero property of multiplication.  What I created is in the photo below:

It is just your basic table of properties and I wasn't in love with this.  I thought color would help and it did, but not enough for me to be satisfied.  I liked that this year I was going to have the kiddos decide how they would remember the property whether it was by a key word, picture, phrase, etc.  It will be more meaningful to them if they come up with something like "changes places" for the commutative properties than if I just tell them a key word.

I just remembered somewhere in the back of my head doing an activity that was actually interactive.  So the hunt through the computer files began.  I did come across an activity that I did a couple of years ago.  It was an information gap.  If you aren't familiar with an information gap, students are partnered up and each partner has missing information on their sheet.  The other partner has the information that each one needs, so through questioning each other they learn how to fill in their gaps.  It is an ELL technique that I learned several years ago.  It is actually really hard for the students to figure out how to ask for the information that they need.  They want to just copy each others' paper.

Here is the information gap that I developed for Lesson 2 of Saxon Math, Course 3.  Saxon doesn't write the property out in words, but I think that there is great value in knowing how to say and write the math in words.  Therefore, I added the words section.  Also, the first page is the full chart completely filled.  The following two pages are for the students.

I like this idea much better than just filling out and color coding a chart.  I am also thinking that this activity would be good to try using an inside-outside circle.  Since it is early in the year, it would give them a chance to talk to everyone in the class.

If you liked the format that I used at the beginning, you are welcome to it.  Here it is:

## Monday, August 5, 2013

### Sometimes Mistakes Aren't that Bad..

I made this simple little foldable to teach finding the value of an expression given the values of the variables.  My only problem after finishing it and looking at it for a second was that I made an equation not an expression!  After a big sigh I was back to the drawing board and did come up with something.  However, this got me thinking a lot.

I started thinking about what I liked about this.  I liked that it was a hands on manipulation of an equation.  It involved thought and planning to create.  It required an understanding of input and output to be able to create.  Students also had the freedom to customize the values on their foldable.  I likes how it laid out a mapping of a function.

There seemed like my "opps!" had a lot of good surrounding it, so I didn't want to let it go.  Then it hit me!  Linear equations are always tough.  Especially when they first start to learn about two variables.  When we make tables, there doesn't always seem to be a connection between how one variable changes and its affect on the other.  So, I went back to the drawing board again and here is what I created.

I really like it, especially for my 7th grade math kiddos.  The first introduction to equations with two variables will be this year.  Hopefully, this will help solidify the idea of what is happening in two variable equations.

Now, here is what I originally set out to create:

As students replace the "a" with a value, the value of the expression can be calculated and moved into position.  A couple of tips: 1) Think about how you want it to look in the INB, especially composition notebooks.  My first one was too big for the notebook and I had to downsize.  2) I found it was easier if I traced the yellow strips width onto the paper and then determined where to cut the openings.  It was also way easier to change the size of my strips than to try and open the openings more.

## Thursday, August 1, 2013

### Order of Operations

I have been thinking about two lessons in my text that are three lessons apart from each other.  The first is a basic review of the order of operations and the other is about nested grouping symbols.

My thoughts have been very focused on how to make a quality graphic organizer or foldable that will help my kiddos think through the order of operations.  They tend to work from left to right which causes a problem in so many ways.

So the pictures are my graphic organizer for the review lesson.  I loved how Sarah at Math=Love (http://mathequalslove.blogspot.com) organized the letters to PEMDAS.  So I decided to use that as the left hand side of my table and then have 3 examples that come after it.  I wanted the kiddos to think about each letter of PEMDAS and decide if they had parentheses or exponents in the problem and not just start at the left and work right.

I am going to have them color code the letters of PEMDAS which are on their sheet already and add the  L –> R above multiplying/dividing and addition/subtraction.  Then, using their colors, I want them to color code the steps on the problem before we begin to solve anything.  Again, I am hoping to stop them from simply working left to right.

After we have done all of this, we are going to work the problem.  The students will fill in one box at a time as they work the problem following the order of operations.  My other goal of this graphic organizer is to have them see what showing their work looks like.  Sneaky, huh? :)  Also, if you like this graphic organizer, you can download it at the end of this post.

The next lesson on nested grouping symbols always seems difficult for the kiddos.  I think it is terminology.  They don't use "inner most" in their vocabulary often and "inner most" changes position in problems.  I wanted a foldable that would help them to see that they start at the inner most parentheses and work their way out.

To do this, I took a fairly simple problem and three different colored pieces of paper.  I folded them over about an inch and then glued them together at the fold.  I wrote the problem so that each part was on a different color.  I also number the order in which to do the parts.

Students will then lift the flap to reveal the value of the expression.  Then, they will work the second part.
Lifting that flap reveals that the value of the green section's expression and the rest of the expression is solved using the order of operations.  The value of the entire expression is circled after all of the operations are preformed.
This last picture is how the page in the students INB will look.  After the initial foldable, I decided not to make another for the notebook.  However, if time, I would love to give them a problem in the next day or so and ask them to make the foldable for their problem.  It would be neat to display them in the classroom.

Anyway, I elected to have the students write two additional examples and highlight the step they are going to calculate before writing the next line.  The text also throws in the absolute value symbol as a grouping symbol, so I need to say something about it.  Thus, the note about absolute value at the end.

## Tuesday, July 30, 2013

### Word Wall

My word wall started with this picture posted on Pinterest (http://www.ashleigh-educationjourney.com/2013/06/five-for-friday.html) and in the description another pinner had written "units instead of letters".  Well, that got me thinking.  I teach two subjects with two different sections of each.  I started to think, what about classes instead of units?  From there, my word wall was born for this year.

So here it is!  My word wall stated by putting the names of the classes I have in circle frames that I figured out how to make myself on my computer.  I made two circles for each of the classes that I teach just to give more room for more vocabulary words.  I glued the subjects onto coordinating card stock, cut them out and laminated them.  I them bought coordinating ribbon and attached Velcro down the center (or as close as I could get).

The next thing I did was went through all of the free clip art that I had downloaded and found these cut frames from Debbie Burton @ K is for Kinderrific (http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/K-Is-For-Kinderrific) in the colors that I had made my circles.  I printed them in the size that I wanted, glued them to card stock, and laminated.  The final step was to put Velcro down the middle of the cards, so I can stick them onto the ribbons.  I need to make a few more though! :)

The last thing that I did was took a dry erase marker and wrote the vocabulary word on the frame.

I know that traditionally, a word wall grows as more and more vocabulary is added to it.  Due to space issues, I can't do that.  I wanted to be able to put up key vocabulary words for the unit and then erase the words and put up the next units words.  This feels like it will be fast and easy for me.  So, I think that I will be able to manage it.

This is just a close up of the cards with the vocabulary words on them.

## Saturday, July 27, 2013

### Bloglovin'

I just wanted to let everyone know that I can be followed using Bloglovin.  Bloglovin allows you to follow all of the blogs that you love in one place.  It is free and easy to set up and use.  I had read that it is a good replacement for Google reader, so after looking into it a bit, I decided to claim my blog and make it easier for others to follow me.  I have put a button for Bloglovin on the right hand side, so if you would like to follow me using Bloglovin feel free to push it! :)

Thanks to all who do follow me whether you use Bloglovin or not!

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### Variable, Factors, Terms, Oh My...

Lesson 2 in the Saxon algebra book focuses on the key vocabulary associated with expressions.  The text focuses on the words: constant, variable, coefficient, factor, and term.  So, to make the lesson not just a list of vocabulary words or a bunch of Frayer models, I opted for some simple foldables that define the key vocabulary.  The picture above is how I am setting up the INB page with the students.  The pictures below show an up close view of two of them.
 The outside of the top foldable.

 When students lift the flap, they will see the definition of the vocabulary word.

 For the terms of an expression, I wanted the students to see it separated out more, so I made this accordion style foldable.
 Inside each term is in it's own box and is labeled at the top as the first, second, third, etc. term of the expression.
What I really like about this lesson is the processing that I am going to have the kiddos do.  The Saxon teacher's edition has math background notes and in this lesson, they have a Venn diagram to show how the vocabulary words are related.  They also wrote some statements that were true based on the diagram.  I turned the statements into true/false questions and the kiddos need to use the diagram to determine if the statement is true or false.  I then ask the kiddos to write two true/false questions of their own based on the diagram.  I want to have them swap notebooks and see if a friend can answer their question correctly.  I think that it is a good tie in with the first lesson that also dealt with sets and Venn diagrams.  We'll see what happens in September!

## Tuesday, July 23, 2013

### Classifying Real Numbers Foldable

The first foldable for next fall has been made!  The first lesson that I teach in my algebra text is on sets and real numbers.  When I think about classifying real numbers I always get the image of nesting cups that you used to be able to buy for toddlers.  I wanted to somehow bring that idea to the foldable that we made for this part of the lesson.

Now, I have seen the traditional Venn diagram of the sets.  My problem with it is that I have noticed that my kiddos have trouble picturing the sets of numbers and being within each other.  They often forget that 7 is an real number, rational number, integer, whole number, and natural number.  They will usually just say that it is a whole number.  I wanted them to see that whole numbers contain the set of natural numbers in a way that was different from the traditional diagram.  So I started by folding a piece of paper in half and putting real numbers on the outside of it.

When the students open the foldable they see that real numbers contain the set of rational and irrational numbers.

Now I realize that not all of the sets show up at once.  That is what I am going for.  Rational numbers have many subsets.  So to show that rational numbers hold the integers, the students have to lift the flap.

Continue opening the flaps and you will see all of the subsets appear.  In each flap, I have the definition of the set, examples of what is included, and non-examples to try and help the classification process happen smoother.
Just through the assembly of this foldable there are so many opportunities to reinforce that a natural number is also a whole number or that a negative number is part of the integer, rational, and real numbers, but doesn't fit the definition of a whole or natural number.  I also like that it shows that the set of rational numbers holds integers, whole numbers, and natural numbers, but not irrational numbers.  Yet, at the same time, the kiddos see that real numbers hold rational and irrational.

Update:

I added this post to the Interactive Linky Party at 4mulaFun.com (http://www.4mulafun.com/).  Go and check it out for some other great ideas related to INB!

(8-10-14) I was going through Pinterest and I came across this slideshare at http://www.slideshare.net/ProfessaX06/real-number-system-foldable-5151675.  In it, there is a foldable very similar to the one that I created.  I must have seen this at some point and have forgotten when I made my version of it above.  My apologies to the authors below for using their idea and not giving them proper credit.

## Friday, July 19, 2013

### A Couple Quick Summer Projects

Well, I have a goal next year to use interactive notebooks in my math classroom.  This is an idea that I toyed with for several years, but never fully committed (sigh).  I decided, after reading a lot of blogs and gathering lots of ideas, that I was going to make interactive notebooks a reality this year in Math.  So I am hoping that by going public with my goal, I will make it a reality.  I will also be blogging about what we put in them when the school year gets going.

I really liked Sarah's idea at Everyone's a Genius (http://everybodyisageniusblog.blogspot.com/) for the front cover theme to be "Numbers about Me".  My sample covers are pictured below.  I wanted the covers to be very different from each other to show that there isn't a "right" way to make the cover.  I just want them to be creative and find how numbers are a part of their life.

 My Example for 7th Grade INB Cover
 My Example for 8th Grade INB Cover

The other project has many different forms and it is common on Pinterest.  It is using the word "NOISE" to help students monitor their noise level in the classroom.  I like the idea, even in the middle school classroom, but I had to put my twist on it.  First off, I don't have a lot of extra wall space in my classroom.  Hanging something vertically would be better for me, so I hung the letters vertically on a ribbon.  My other concern is that I will set the letters down and not remember where I put them.  To avoid that problem, I thought that I could just fold back the letter and use a clothespin to hold it all in place.  Now, I'm crossing my fingers that it is an easy way to help students monitor their noise level during group work and a way to help me stop giving too many chances and not issuing a consequence.
 Starting point: All letters showing
 "E" is folded under and held back with clothespin
 "S" is folded back.
 Only "No" is showing so no talking is allowed